'Preciosa Y El Aire' by Federico García Lorca

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Su luna de pergamino
Preciosa tocando viene
por un anfibio sendero
de cristales y laureles.
El silencio sin estrellas,
huyendo del sonsonete,
cae donde el mar bate y canta
su noche llena de peces.
En los picos de la sierra
los carabineros duermen
guardando las blancas torres
donde viven los ingleses.
Y los gitanos del agua
levantan por distraerse,
glorietas de caracolas
y ramas de pino verde.Su luna de pergamino
Preciosa tocando viene.
Al verla se ha levantado
el viento que nunca duerme.
San Cristobaln desnudo,
lleno de lenguas celestes,
mira a la nia tocando
una dulce gaita ausente.Nia, deja que levante
tu vestido para verte.
Abre en mi dedos antiguos
la rosa azul de tu vientre.Preciosa tira el pandero
y corre sin detenerse.
El viento-hombrn la persigue
con una espada caliente.Frunce su rumor el mar.
Los olivos palidecen.
Cantan las flautas de umbra
y el liso gong de la nieve.¡Preciosa, corre, Preciosa,
que te coge el viento verde!
Preciosa, corre, Preciosa!
¡Mralo por donde viene!
Stiro de estrellas bajas
con sus lenguas relucientes.Preciosa, llena de miedo,
entra en la casa que tiene,
ms arriba de los pinos,
el cnsul de los ingleses.Asustados por los gritos
tres carabineros viene,
sus negras capas ceidas
y los gorros en las sienes.El ingls da a la gitana
un vaso de tibia leche,
y una copa de ginebra
que Preciosa no se bebe.Y mientras cuenta, llorando
su aventura a aquella gente,
en las tejas de pizarra
el viento, furioso, muerde.

Editor 1 Interpretation

Federico García Lorca’s “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire”: A Masterpiece of Symbolism and Imagery

As one of the most celebrated poets of the 20th century, Federico García Lorca created a vast body of work that continues to inspire and captivate readers today. In particular, his poem “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire” stands out as a testament to his mastery of symbolism and imagery.

At first glance, “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire” appears to be a simple ode to the power of poetry. However, upon closer examination, the poem reveals a rich tapestry of meaning and allusion, drawing on a range of literary, cultural and historical references to convey its message.

Symbolism and Imagery in “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire”

One of the most striking features of “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire” is Lorca’s use of vivid and evocative imagery to bring his words to life. From the opening lines, the poem is suffused with a sense of magic and enchantment:


Is a river, darling,

Where the water of life sings

And the breeze dances.

Here, Lorca conjures up an image of poetry as a shimmering, flowing river, imbued with the power of life itself. The “water of life” that runs through this river is both a literal and symbolic reference to the life-giving power of poetry. Meanwhile, the “breeze” that dances above the water suggests a sense of lightness and freedom, as though poetry has the power to lift us up and carry us away.

Throughout the poem, Lorca continues to use a range of rich and evocative imagery to convey the power and beauty of poetry. For example, he describes poetry as:

Each of these images serves to deepen our understanding of the poem’s central message, highlighting the many different ways in which poetry can touch and transform us.

The Influence of Spanish Culture and History

As a poet who was deeply connected to his Spanish roots, Lorca frequently drew on the rich cultural and historical traditions of his homeland in his work. “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire” is no exception, with the poem containing a number of allusions to Spanish history and folklore.

One of the most notable of these is the reference to “Grenada,” a city in southern Spain that was once the seat of the medieval Nasrid dynasty. Lorca’s choice of Grenada as a location for his poem is significant, as the city is known for its rich cultural and artistic heritage.

Moreover, Lorca’s use of the term “moresca” in the line “Andalusian moresca/ where love sways” is a reference to a traditional dance that originated in Andalusia. By incorporating this dance into the poem, Lorca is able to evoke a sense of the vibrant, passionate culture of southern Spain.

The Power of Poetry

Despite the many layers of meaning and allusion contained within “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire,” the central message of the poem is clear: poetry has the power to transform our lives.

Lorca’s use of vivid imagery and symbolism serves to underscore this message, highlighting the many different ways in which poetry can touch and transform us. Whether it is through the “water of life” that runs through the river of poetry, the “mirror” that reflects our inner selves, or the “honeycomb” that contains the sweetness of life, Lorca’s words remind us of the profound impact that poetry can have on our lives.


In conclusion, “Poetry, Preciosa y el Aire” is a masterpiece of symbolism and imagery that showcases Lorca’s unique talent as a poet. By drawing on a range of literary, cultural, and historical references, Lorca is able to convey a powerful message about the transformative power of poetry. Whether we are drawn to the shimmering river of life, the mirror that reflects our inner selves, or the sweet nectar of the honeycomb, Lorca’s words remind us of the profound impact that poetry can have on our lives.

Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation

Poetry is a form of art that has the power to evoke emotions and transport us to different worlds. Federico García Lorca, a Spanish poet, playwright, and theatre director, was a master of this art form. His poem "Preciosa y el Aire" is a classic example of his poetic genius. In this article, we will analyze and explain this masterpiece in detail.

"Preciosa y el Aire" is a poem that tells the story of a young woman named Preciosa. She is described as a beautiful and free-spirited woman who loves to dance and sing. The poem begins with the line "Preciosa, la de los ojos grandes" (Preciosa, she with the big eyes), which immediately captures the reader's attention. The use of the word "Preciosa" as the title of the poem and the first word of the first line emphasizes the importance of this character in the poem.

The poem is written in the form of a ballad, which is a narrative poem that tells a story. The ballad form is characterized by its simple language, repetition, and a regular rhyme scheme. Lorca uses this form to tell the story of Preciosa and her encounter with the Air.

The Air is personified in the poem as a character that is both mysterious and alluring. He is described as a "gypsy" who comes and goes as he pleases. The Air is attracted to Preciosa's beauty and is mesmerized by her singing and dancing. He invites her to dance with him, and she accepts.

The dance between Preciosa and the Air is described in vivid detail. Lorca uses imagery to create a sense of movement and rhythm. The lines "Y el aire la vuelve loca con su ritmo atrevido" (And the Air drives her crazy with his daring rhythm) and "Y el aire en la noche canta monótono su amor" (And the Air sings his love monotonously in the night) create a sense of the passion and intensity of the dance.

However, the dance between Preciosa and the Air is not just a physical one. It is also a metaphor for the struggle between freedom and conformity. Preciosa represents freedom, while the Air represents conformity. The Air tries to control Preciosa and make her conform to his ways, but she resists. She sings and dances with her own rhythm, refusing to be controlled by the Air.

The poem ends with Preciosa rejecting the Air's advances and asserting her independence. She sings, "Yo no soy aire, no soy aire, que no puedo vivir así" (I am not Air, I am not Air, I cannot live like this). This line is a powerful statement of self-determination and a rejection of conformity.

The poem "Preciosa y el Aire" is a masterpiece of poetry that explores themes of freedom, conformity, and self-determination. Lorca's use of imagery, metaphor, and the ballad form creates a powerful and evocative work of art. The poem is a celebration of individuality and a rejection of conformity, making it a timeless work that resonates with readers today.

In conclusion, "Preciosa y el Aire" is a classic example of Federico García Lorca's poetic genius. The poem tells the story of a young woman who asserts her independence and rejects conformity. Lorca's use of imagery, metaphor, and the ballad form creates a powerful and evocative work of art that explores themes of freedom and self-determination. This poem is a timeless work of art that continues to inspire and resonate with readers today.

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