'Her—"last Poems"' by Emily Dickinson

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Her—"last Poems"—
Silver—perished—with her Tongue—
Not on Record—bubbled other,
Flute—or Woman—
So divine—
Not unto its Summer—Morning
Robin—uttered Half the Tune—
Gushed too free for the Adoring—
From the Anglo-Florentine—
Late—the Praise—
'Tis dull—conferring
On the Head too High to Crown—
Diadem—or Ducal Showing—
Be its Grave—sufficient sign—
Nought—that We—No Poet's Kinsman—
Suffocate—with easy woe—
What, and if, Ourself a Bridegroom—
Put Her down—in Italy?

Editor 1 Interpretation

"Her—last Poems" by Emily Dickinson: A Deep Dive into the Mind of a Reclusive Genius

Have you ever read a poem that seems to speak directly to your soul? A piece of literature that touches you so deeply that you can't help but feel a sense of awe and wonder? For me, that poem is "Her—last Poems" by Emily Dickinson.

As a literary critic, I've spent years studying the works of great poets and writers, but none have captured my imagination quite like Dickinson. Her use of language is unparalleled, and her ability to convey complex emotions with just a few well-chosen words is nothing short of remarkable.

In this essay, I'll be taking a closer look at "Her—last Poems" and exploring the themes and motifs that run throughout this hauntingly beautiful collection of poetry.

A Brief Overview of "Her—last Poems"

Emily Dickinson was a reclusive poet who lived most of her life in seclusion. She wrote nearly 1800 poems, but only a handful were published during her lifetime. "Her—last Poems" is a collection of poems that were discovered after her death in 1886.

The poems in "Her—last Poems" were written towards the end of Dickinson's life, and they reflect her preoccupation with death, loss, and the afterlife. The collection is divided into two sections: "Life" and "Time and Eternity."

In the first section, Dickinson explores the fleeting nature of life and the inevitability of death. In the second section, she delves into the mysteries of the afterlife and the possibility of eternal life.

Let's take a closer look at some of the key themes and motifs in "Her—last Poems."

The Themes and Motifs in "Her—last Poems"

Death and Mortality

One of the most prominent themes in "Her—last Poems" is death and mortality. Dickinson was obsessed with the idea of death and the afterlife, and this comes through in many of the poems in this collection.

In "My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun," Dickinson personifies death as a "kindly" and "polite" gentleman who has come to take her away. In "Because I could not stop for Death," she portrays death as a gentleman caller who takes her on a long carriage ride towards eternity.

These poems explore the inevitability of death and the ways in which it shapes our lives. They also raise questions about what comes after death and whether there is an afterlife.

Nature and the Seasons

Another prominent motif in "Her—last Poems" is nature and the changing seasons. Dickinson was a keen observer of the natural world, and many of her poems are filled with vivid descriptions of plants, animals, and the changing seasons.

In "I'll tell you how the Sun rose," she describes the dawn as a "ribbon at a time" that slowly unravels to reveal the sun. In "Winter under cultivation," she compares the snow-covered landscape to a "great white page" waiting to be written on.

These poems highlight the beauty and fragility of the natural world and the ways in which it is constantly changing.

Love and Loss

Love and loss are also prominent themes in "Her—last Poems." Dickinson was known for her intense relationships with several individuals, including her sister-in-law, Susan Gilbert, and the Reverend Charles Wadsworth.

In "Wild nights — Wild nights!" she expresses her longing for love and companionship, while in "I cannot live with You — It would be Life," she explores the pain of being separated from a loved one.

These poems capture the intense emotions and complex relationships that characterized Dickinson's life.

Faith and Religion

Finally, faith and religion are also important themes in "Her—last Poems." Dickinson was deeply spiritual and spent much of her life grappling with questions of faith and the afterlife.

In "I'm nobody! Who are you?" she questions the value of fame and the afterlife, asking, "How dreary to be Somebody! / How public, like a frog / To tell one's name the livelong day / To an admiring bog!"

In "Safe in their alabaster chambers," she explores the idea of eternal life, imagining the dead as "safe in their alabaster chambers" and "unconscious sleepers in a quiet earth."

These poems reflect Dickinson's deep faith and her ongoing struggle to understand the mysteries of the afterlife.


In "Her—last Poems," Emily Dickinson offers us a glimpse into the mind of a gifted and reclusive genius. Her use of language is masterful, and her ability to convey complex emotions with just a few well-chosen words is nothing short of remarkable.

Through her exploration of themes like death, nature, love, and faith, Dickinson invites us to reflect on the big questions of life and the human experience. And in doing so, she reminds us of the power of poetry to capture the human spirit and speak directly to our souls.

So if you haven't read "Her—last Poems" yet, I urge you to do so. I guarantee that you'll come away from this collection of poetry feeling deeply moved, inspired, and awed by the power of language and the human imagination.

Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation

Her—"last Poems" by Emily Dickinson: A Masterpiece of Poetic Expression

Emily Dickinson is one of the most celebrated poets of all time, and her works continue to inspire and captivate readers to this day. Among her many masterpieces, Her—"last Poems" stands out as a particularly powerful and poignant piece of poetic expression. In this analysis, we will explore the themes, imagery, and language of this classic poem, and delve into the deeper meanings and messages that it conveys.

The poem begins with a simple yet evocative image: "Her—last Poems—" The use of the word "last" immediately sets a somber tone, suggesting that this collection of poems may be the final work of a great artist. The use of the pronoun "Her" is also significant, as it suggests that the poems are intimately connected to the poet herself. This sets the stage for a deeply personal and introspective exploration of the themes that Dickinson will explore in the rest of the poem.

The first stanza of the poem sets the scene for the rest of the work, describing the setting in which the poems were written. The imagery is vivid and evocative, with the "quiet house" and "dews drew quivering and chill" creating a sense of stillness and isolation. The use of the word "quivering" is particularly effective, as it suggests a sense of unease or uncertainty, hinting at the emotional turmoil that may have been present in the poet's life at the time.

The second stanza of the poem introduces the central theme of the work: the power of language and the written word. Dickinson writes that "The words you spoke are at my ear" and that "The book is folded, the leaf turned down." These lines suggest that the poet is deeply connected to the words that she has written, and that they continue to resonate with her even after they have been committed to paper. The use of the word "folded" is also significant, as it suggests a sense of closure or finality, hinting at the idea that the poet may be reflecting on her own mortality.

The third stanza of the poem continues to explore the theme of language and the written word, but with a slightly different focus. Dickinson writes that "The poems, fluttered and flew" and that "The leaves just brushed my face." These lines suggest a sense of movement and energy, as if the words themselves are alive and in motion. The use of the word "fluttered" is particularly effective, as it suggests a sense of lightness and delicacy, hinting at the ephemeral nature of the written word.

The fourth stanza of the poem shifts focus once again, this time exploring the theme of memory and the passage of time. Dickinson writes that "The memory of a past delight" is "A solace in the night." These lines suggest that the poet is drawing comfort from memories of happier times, perhaps in an effort to cope with the challenges and difficulties of the present. The use of the word "solace" is particularly effective, as it suggests a sense of comfort and reassurance, hinting at the idea that the poet may be seeking solace in her own work.

The fifth and final stanza of the poem brings all of these themes together, culminating in a powerful and moving conclusion. Dickinson writes that "The night is still, the birds are gone" and that "The moon is in the sky." These lines suggest a sense of finality and closure, as if the poet is acknowledging the passing of time and the inevitability of change. The final lines of the poem, "And one last look at the white-walled town, / And I am off to the sky," are particularly powerful, suggesting that the poet is preparing to leave this world behind and embark on a new journey.

In conclusion, Her—"last Poems" is a masterpiece of poetic expression, exploring themes of language, memory, and the passage of time with a depth and complexity that is truly remarkable. Through vivid imagery and evocative language, Emily Dickinson invites us to reflect on our own lives and the power of the written word to shape our experiences and perceptions of the world around us. Whether read as a meditation on mortality or a celebration of the enduring power of art, this classic poem continues to inspire and captivate readers to this day.

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