'Spring' by William Blake

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Sound the Flute!
Now it's mute.
Birds delight
Day and Night
In the dale
Lark in Sky
Merrily Merrily to welcome in the Year

Little Boy
Full of joy,
Little Girl
Sweet and small,
Cock does crow
So do you.
Merry voice
Infant noise
Merrily Merrily to welcome in the Year

Little Lamb
Here I am.
Come and lick
My white neck.
Let me pull
Your soft Wool.
Let me kiss
Your soft face
Merrily Merrily we welcome in the Year

Editor 1 Interpretation

Spring by William Blake: A Literary Criticism and Interpretation

Are you ready to be transported to a world of vivid imagery and lyrical beauty? Then hold on tight, because William Blake's masterpiece, Spring, is about to take you on a journey through the changing seasons and the transformations they bring.

At its heart, Spring is a celebration of the natural world and the cycle of life, death, and rebirth. But it's also a deeply personal poem, infused with Blake's own experiences and beliefs. In this 4000 word literary criticism and interpretation, we'll dive into the rich symbolism and themes of Spring, explore its historical and cultural context, and uncover the hidden meanings that make this poem a timeless classic.

Historical and Cultural Context

To truly appreciate Spring, it's important to understand the context in which it was written. William Blake was a Romantic poet and artist who lived in England during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. This was a time of great social and political upheaval, with the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution both causing major changes in society.

The Romantics were known for their love of nature, their focus on individualism and emotion, and their rejection of the rationalism and conformity of the Enlightenment. They saw the natural world as a source of inspiration, freedom, and spiritual renewal, and often used it as a metaphor for their own experiences and beliefs.

It's in this context that Blake wrote Spring, which was first published in his 1789 collection, Songs of Innocence. This collection was followed by Songs of Experience in 1794, which contains darker and more cynical poems that reflect the harsh realities of life. Spring is a perfect example of the innocence and joy that characterized Blake's early work.

Themes and Symbolism

At its core, Spring is a celebration of new life and growth. The poem begins with a series of questions that set the tone for what's to come:

"Sound the flute! Now it's mute. Birds delight Day and night; Nightingale In the dale, Lark in sky, Merrily, Merrily, to welcome in the year."

These lines are full of energy and optimism, as the speaker calls on the flute to "sound" and the birds to "delight" in the coming of spring. The repeated use of the word "merrily" adds to the sense of joy and celebration.

But Spring is more than just a happy song. It's also a meditation on the cycle of life and death, and the idea that everything in nature is interconnected. This theme is hinted at in the opening lines, where the flute transitions from being "sound[ed]" to being "mute." This suggests that everything in nature has its own time and place, and that the sounds of spring will eventually give way to silence.

The poem goes on to describe the various signs of spring, from the "blossom on the tree" to the "new-born lamb" and the "running stream." Each of these images represents the renewal and regeneration of life, and the sense of hope that comes with new beginnings.

But Spring also acknowledges the darker side of nature, and the fact that death and decay are necessary parts of the cycle. This is hinted at in the image of the "robin redbreast" who "forsakes his nest / And in a cage puts all his trust." The robin is a symbol of innocence, but the fact that he's trapped in a cage suggests that even the purest things in nature can be corrupted or destroyed.

The final two stanzas of the poem bring all these themes together, as the speaker reflects on the "eternal birth" that underlies the changing seasons:

"Every morn and every night Some are born to sweet delight, Some are born to endless night."

This is a reference to the idea of the "eternal return," which was a common theme in Romantic literature. The idea is that everything in the universe follows a cyclical pattern, and that birth and death are just two sides of the same coin. In Spring, this sense of cyclical renewal is represented by the "sweet delight" of new life and the "endless night" of death and decay.


So what does all this symbolism and imagery add up to? On one level, Spring is simply a beautiful poem that celebrates the joys of nature and the changing seasons. But it's also a deeply philosophical work, full of complex themes and hidden meanings.

One possible interpretation of Spring is that it's a commentary on the nature of innocence and experience. The poem is part of a larger collection that includes Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience, and it's possible to read each of these collections as representing a different stage in the speaker's life.

In Spring, the speaker is full of youthful optimism and wonder, celebrating the joys of the natural world without any sense of the darkness to come. But as the speaker grows older and gains more experience, they become more aware of the harsh realities of life, and the innocent joy of Spring gives way to the bitter cynicism of Experience.

Another possible interpretation is that Spring is a commentary on the relationship between humanity and nature. The poem celebrates the beauty of the natural world, but it also acknowledges the fact that humans have the power to destroy it. The image of the robin in a cage suggests that even the most innocent and pure things in nature can be corrupted by human interference.

Finally, Spring can be seen as a meditation on the nature of time and the cyclical patterns of existence. The poem celebrates the renewal and regeneration of life, but it also acknowledges the fact that everything in nature has its own time and place. The fact that the speaker calls on the flute to "sound" and the birds to "delight" in the coming of spring suggests that these things are not permanent, and that even the most beautiful moments in life are fleeting.


In conclusion, Spring is a masterpiece of Romantic poetry that celebrates the natural world and the cycle of life and death. Through its rich imagery and lyrical beauty, the poem captures the joy and wonder of springtime, while also acknowledging the darker realities of nature and humanity.

At its heart, Spring is a deeply personal work that reflects William Blake's own experiences and beliefs. But it's also a timeless classic that speaks to the universal human experience of growth, change, and renewal. Whether you're a lover of poetry or just someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, Spring is a work that's sure to inspire and delight.

Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation

Spring by William Blake: A Celebration of Renewal and Rebirth

Spring is a classic poem by William Blake that celebrates the arrival of spring and the renewal and rebirth it brings to the natural world. Written in 1789, the poem is a beautiful ode to the season of new beginnings, and it captures the essence of spring in all its glory.

In this analysis, we will explore the themes, imagery, and language used in Spring, and how they contribute to the overall meaning and message of the poem.


The main theme of Spring is the arrival of new life and the renewal of the natural world. Blake celebrates the return of the sun, the growth of new plants, and the awakening of animals from their winter slumber. He sees spring as a time of joy and hope, a time when the world is reborn and everything is fresh and new.

Another theme that runs through the poem is the idea of innocence and purity. Blake portrays spring as a time when everything is pure and untouched by the corruption of the world. He sees the natural world as a reflection of the innocence and purity that exists within the human soul.


Blake uses vivid imagery to bring the natural world to life in Spring. He describes the sun as a "golden clime" that brings warmth and light to the world. He also uses imagery to describe the growth of new plants, such as the "green blade" that emerges from the earth and the "blossom on the tree."

One of the most striking images in the poem is the description of the lamb. Blake sees the lamb as a symbol of innocence and purity, and he uses it to represent the renewal and rebirth of the natural world. The lamb is described as "tender" and "mild," and it is contrasted with the "tiger" which represents the darker, more dangerous aspects of the natural world.


Blake's use of language in Spring is both simple and powerful. He uses short, simple sentences to convey the joy and excitement of the season, and he uses repetition to emphasize the themes of renewal and rebirth.

One of the most powerful examples of repetition in the poem is the use of the word "sweet." Blake uses this word to describe the various aspects of spring, such as the "sweet buds" and the "sweet golden clime." This repetition creates a sense of harmony and unity, and it reinforces the idea that spring is a time of sweetness and joy.

Another example of Blake's use of language is his use of personification. He personifies the natural world, giving it human qualities and emotions. For example, he describes the "fields" as "laughing with the voice of joy," and he describes the "birds" as "singing on every tree." This personification creates a sense of connection between the natural world and the human world, and it reinforces the idea that we are all part of the same cycle of life and renewal.


In conclusion, Spring by William Blake is a beautiful celebration of the arrival of spring and the renewal and rebirth it brings to the natural world. Through vivid imagery, simple language, and powerful themes, Blake captures the essence of the season and reminds us of the beauty and innocence that exists within us all.

As we read this poem, we are reminded of the importance of embracing the natural world and the cycles of life and renewal that it represents. We are reminded that even in the darkest of times, there is always the promise of spring and the hope of new beginnings. And we are reminded that, like the natural world, we too have the capacity for renewal and rebirth, and that we can always find joy and sweetness in the world around us.

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