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Funeral Blues Analysis



Author: Poetry of W.H. Auden Type: Poetry Views: 5760

Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone,Prevent the dog from barking with a juicy bone,Silence the pianos and with muffled drumBring out the coffin, let the mourners come.Let aeroplanes circle moaning overheadScribbling on the sky the message He is Dead.Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves,Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves.He was my North, my South, my East and West,My working week and my Sunday rest,My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song;I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong.The stars are not wanted now; put out every one,Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun,Pour away the ocean and sweep up the woods;For nothing now can ever come to any good.





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||| Analysis | Critique | Overview Below |||

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For a poem, its not too bad.
under the circumstances, i really like it.
Can anyone see the poem?
Kool poem though
Maybe someone else will see my view
Easy review to do thanks guys!

| Posted on 2012-10-03 | by a guest


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this poem to me dosent want us to find the meaning but to feel the grief on how this person dosent believe in living anymore since this loved one has passed away it shows that this certain person wants everything to stop and feel what shes feeling and mourn together with her.

| Posted on 2012-08-07 | by a guest


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well, this poem is about the persona writing about the mourning emotions he encountered whilst the death of his loved one. It shows the despair and uselessness he felt, in particular, feeling no use in living.
Some Techniques;
1. caesura :
2. hyperbolic metaphor
3. anaphora \"MY...MY...MY...\"
4. sibilance \"scribbling on the sky\"

| Posted on 2012-07-17 | by a guest


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further to previous comments, the power of this piece, for me, is that (and having experienced grief myself I know this to be true) there is within me on reading it a recognition of how, at the time we feel it, grief is overblown and our world really does feel as though it is ending... I struggle with the view that the writer intended it to be seen as 100% sarcastic, although I accept that the title \"funeral blues\" suggests a level of levity... \"The Blues\" in musical terms was not slight sadness but real, deep distress. I struggle with the poem as sarcasm because of how the poem makes me feel on reading it... it certainly helped me cope with real feelings of distress on the loss of a relationship with a brother. It can be seen from many angles and like all good poetry is the stronger for its ambiguity. Ultimately its full meaning is not one dimentional rather it depends on what meaning the reader imposes on the words.

| Posted on 2012-05-05 | by a guest


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Various people in all countries take the credit loans from different banks, because that is simple and comfortable.

| Posted on 2012-02-01 | by a guest


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Do you know that it is high time to get the business loans, which will make you dreams real.

| Posted on 2012-01-23 | by a guest


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People in the world get the loan from various creditors, just because this is simple.

| Posted on 2012-01-21 | by a guest


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During the poem, W.H Auden is distraught about the loss of a lover. It is filled with grief and sadness. He is inconsolable. W.H Auden pleads with us to ‘stop all the clocks’, an impossible act and one that reiterates his utter distress. He commands all happenings such as the tinkling of piano keys and the ringing of a telephone to halt; he believes that everybody should join him in his mourning. It is not the time for others to enjoy themselves. Just the mere thought agonises W.H Auden. He feels as if everyone should share his deepening grief. He continues to emphasise his desperate need for public mourning by asking aeroplanes to commemorate him and traffic policemen to wear black gloves. Although these people would not normally be associated with mourning, W.H Auden yet again can only think of his tragic loss and the fact that everybody from far and wide should grieve alongside him. The reader realises just how important the deceased was to W.H Auden when reading the phrase ‘He is Dead’. Just the use of capital letters displays the incredibly close relationship between the two lovers. By ‘scribbling’ this sinister message across the sky, W.H Auden believes that the entire world will see and realise what terrible event has occurred. He thinks that the deceased friend is worthy of such a grand funeral procession; again reiterating the love shared between them. W.H Auden continues to describe the closeness and intimacy between them, claiming that he was his North, South, East and West. He has only just realised that his lover’s death and the end of their relationship was inevitable. Along with anything else, love will come to an end. Like before, he proceeds to command the reader to carry out tasks that are impossible. He moans for the sun to be removed and the stars to be snatched away. He asks in despair for the oceans and forests to disappear. Without his lover, his life is meaningless. W.H Auden sincerely believes that because of this tragic occurrence, ‘nothing now can ever come to any good’. He can envisage no future for himself.

| Posted on 2012-01-01 | by a guest


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When you set up software on your computer, some important records are stored inside of your computer\'s registry. However, when you get rid of or unset up spyware removal, sometimes those records remain inside of your registry. Maybe the software was badly composed or your computer had a hard time unset uping the software effectively. In both case, the end-result is that you have records in your registry that are no longer needed.

| Posted on 2011-11-05 | by a guest


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This \'poem\' is from a play \"The Ascent of F6\" written by Auden and Christopher Isherwood. It is certainly full of sarcasm and hyperbole. It is written from the viewpoint of Michael Ransom, a mountain climber trying to climb F6, a peak in the Himalayas, who laments the death of his brother, James Ransom. The irony is that Michael was atempting to out-shine his late brother!!!
-Torre DeVito

| Posted on 2011-08-04 | by a guest


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this poem also uses a great metaphor\'\'pour away the ocean\'\' it gives the vibe that the poet feels complete pain and who cares about the ocean anymore its dead to him just like his lover. He may say all thoose things about the moon and stars to give effect to the poem and make his point or maybe he is trying to put across that his lover often spoke about the moon and stars but who cares about them anymore his lover is no longer able to talk about them there is no more passion towards them the same with the sea they could have often visited the beach but that will not happen anymore.

| Posted on 2011-06-07 | by a guest


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Hey all I am doing a analysis of two poems I am deciding on picking funeral blues and we real cool. I think both poems relate on self actualization.Both poems are about how one realizes something.

| Posted on 2011-05-14 | by a guest


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You both should check your facts.... youre both right. \'Funeral blues\' and \'stop all the clocks\' are both titles of this poem....

| Posted on 2011-05-05 | by a guest


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The title is right...funeral blues...check ur facts bro

| Posted on 2011-04-18 | by a guest


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By the way the title to this poem is wrong. It is \"Stop All the Clocks\"

| Posted on 2011-04-07 | by a guest


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Can I just assert that \"any analysis is good\" is complete nonsense. There\'s a text here; if you read it, you will understand it. If you look up words you don\'t understand, you will understand it. If you look up historical facts, you will understand its context. Poems aren\'t fluffy lands in which one can self-indulgently claim that \"this is how I see it\" just because he or she is arrogant enough not to look things up.

| Posted on 2011-04-06 | by a guest


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This poem is about Love and Death !!
Love and Death is the main idea of this poem because he loses someone heloved by death... AN example for this is \"He was my North, my South... I thought Love Love last forever but I was wrong\" and \"Bring out the coffin and Let the mourners mourn\"...? This tells us that he loses a loved one by death.... So when they used this poem in the Movie 4 weddings and a funeral it did suit the movie...

| Posted on 2011-04-04 | by a guest


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Just a few notes that helped me a great deal when it came to writing my essay on this poem:
- His love is all consuming, he cannot think about going on without his lover for it is too much torture.
- Written in the first person, which makes it more personal as he is telling us his personal feelings about this person and the way he feels about going on without him. He doesn\'t think that he will be able to continue with normal life.
- Nothing else to live for.
- Written in quatrian stanzas.
- Depressing.
Third stanza is more personal as it is talking about how losing his love will affect him in the short & long term.
:)

| Posted on 2011-03-31 | by a guest


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The period Auden was writing in was an inter-war period, rise of the US, gradual decline of the Empire and because of this; we know that the main movement at the time was modernism. This was also the time frame when Adolf Hitler was at large; also there were social troubles in the UK, the claims on the Atlantic and the end of the Great Depression in the US. Other writers like Elliot and Joyce had inner, more interior views of love. They tried to find reason and justification to love. They viewed love to be pertaining to the mind or soul. But Auden ridiculed their views.

| Posted on 2011-03-23 | by a guest


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Beautiful song.. Pain, grief.. You can translate this song how ever you want, and that\'s the best part. For someone it\'s about lost lover, burried love or not having will for love in general..

| Posted on 2011-03-16 | by a guest


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Bear in mind the period Auden was writing in - inter-war period, gradual decline of the Empire, rise of the US, and moreover, there was a general search for meaning at the time a la modernism. Writers such as Eliot and Joyce used interiority to try find reason and rationale, but Auden mocked the declamatory style of politicians. This was also the period of the rise of Hitler, social troubles in the UK, the end of the Great Depression in the US, and great claims on both sides of the Atlantic - categorical statements that claimed that, for all intents and purposes, history had stopped because a politician said so. I like the comment about Diana - this is exactly what Auden is satirising here.
However, it has also come to be associated with very public displays of grief as seen in something like 4 Weddings and a Funeral. At the same time though, before making too many remarks, bear in mind WHEN the poem was written. Auden was poking fun at the grandiose political promises of the day.

| Posted on 2011-01-25 | by a guest


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Ha Ha Ha/
Basically, this poem is just about his feeling of \"Lost of his lover!!! He uses Many metaphor to make his feeling stronger

| Posted on 2011-01-06 | by a guest


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Firstly W.H Auden is homosexual, notice that he reffers to his lover as a he, \"He was my North, my South, my East, my West,\" Secondly Auden is not \"mocking\" greif, it is his own greif he is writing about. \"I thout that love would last forever: i was wrong.\" The reason for Auden\'s irrational need for the rest of the world to greive with him; is that Audens world was his lover, he was God-like in Auden\'s eyes, which is why \"he\" is consistantly capitalised.
I hope this has been helpful,
ODF

| Posted on 2010-12-12 | by a guest


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The film Four Weddings And A Funeral totally misunderstood this poem: it's not about the death of a true love, it's about a lover who has walked out on the writer.

| Posted on 2010-06-30 | by a guest


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ok, this is quite long, it's a section of my GCSE english coursework essay
In this poem, the writer uses regular verse and traditional pattern of rhythm and rhyme to give impact to his unexpected imagery of the end of a relationship when he cuts himself off from the rest of the his life because his grief is too much. To describe the incredible pain and isolation of when someone you love leaves you and the way time seems insignificant, the writer starts the poem by reiterating the title, creating emphasis by his use of assonance of the monosyllables: “Stop all the clocks”. Unlike Valentine, this poem incorporates a series of metaphors to describe the writer’s feelings instead of using one extended metaphor; he then continues to describe the suffering he feels and the way everything that used to have a purpose stops by using the atypical metaphor of a dog and a bone. To exemplify the way he feels his life has ended, he then uses metaphors associated with a funeral:
Silence the pianos and with a muffled drum
Bring out the coffin, let the mourners come.
To show the end of happiness and the start of mourning, the writer includes the silencing of the pianos and then low thudding drums used at funeral to describe the phenomenal sadness he feels now the relationship is over. He includes the metaphor “coffin” to either represent his own emotional death he feels now he has lost something so valuable to him or to represent the death of the relationship.
The second stanza further illustrates the engulfing pain this poem is describing. To symbolise the feeling that everything in his life is also submerged in pain, the writer uses the word “moaning” to describe an aeroplane, followed by:
Scribbling on the sky the message He is dead
This line typifies the lackadaisicality he feels now nothing matters by using the word “scribbling”, which is given emphasis by the sibilance of “sky”. The fact that the message has been written on the sky shows the scale of the writer’s grief now the relationship has ended. To show the God-like significance his partner was in his life, he uses “He” with a capital; there is also emphasis on the three heavy monosyllables that creates a morose feel to the end of the line. The writer then expresses that all peace has now gone and is blemished and weighed down with death by referring to “crêpe bows around the white necks of the public doves”. Auden continues to describe the inconsequentiality of the rest of the world as he pushes himself away from his life:
Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves.
The third stanza of Our Love Now is different from the other two; instead of using metaphors related to everyday life he starts to explore his pain deeper by directly referring to how the loss of his partner will effect him, using metaphors of cosmic significance:
He was my North, my South, my East and West
To describe how life cannot go on without his beloved and how everything in his life is a reminder of pain, the writer expresses how every aspectof himself was associated with his partner:
My working week and my Sunday rest
My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song
The last line of the stanza ends in “I was wrong”, which, similarly to “He is dead”, gives a sense of finality to the flow of speech by the use of heavy monosyllables; this live also references to love not lasting forever, concurring with the idea that the poem is about an end to a relationship, not a genuine death.
The final stanza depicts the way he does not care for beauty any more; his immeasurable grief makes it impossible for him to appreciate anything anymore. His first line shows how items of beauty are no longer necessary: “the stars are not wanted now”. His second and third lines to the final stanza further illustrate the way nothing has any importance or significance to his life anymore; he uses metaphors of life-giving things being pushed away like litter:
Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun;
Pour away the ocean and sweep up the wood.
His final line summarises what the entire poem is demonstrating:
For nothing can ever come to any good.

| Posted on 2010-05-26 | by a guest


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Further to my notes of 2010-05-02 here are a few comments and corrections. From Wikipedia ( rough summary)
Auden: 1907 to 1973 (therefore only age 6 at the time of the start of WWI) and stayed in the States during WWII becoming a US citizen. His religion was rather on and off. He returned to Anglicanism in the 1940’s. The Ascent of F6 (1937), another play written with Isherwood, was partly an anti-imperialist satire, partly (in the character of the self-destroying climber Michael Ransom) an examination of Auden's own motives in taking on a public role as a political poet. This play included the first version of "Funeral Blues" ("Stop all the clocks"), written as a satiric eulogy for the (character of a) politician ; Auden later rewrote the poem as a "Cabaret Song" about lost love (written to be sung by the soprano Hedli Anderson for whom he wrote many lyrics in the 1930s).Details of the play "F6" at Wikipedia.
Corrections
In line 8 read “war” not “was”
In line 72 read “tone” for “tome”
In line 80 read “to shout so loudly”
Line 92 approx 4 lines from the end read “perhaps”

| Posted on 2010-05-03 | by a guest


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As an English teacher I find some of this page's remarks most insightful, and others are very silly, especially if trying to make this poem fit your hypothesis, for example that Auden was in WW 1 and died in it, and was against war. Everyone is against was, including soldiers, surprise surprise.
I was in the UK in 1973 when Auden died. WW1 was 1914 to 1918. The first principle of literary analysis is CHECK YOUR FACTS before you make assertions. The second principle is to check the poem's title with the poem's content which is a huge CLUE - in this case THE TITLE is clearly ironic. It is hard to believe you can only be "blue" with such a so-called outpouring of grief. Did you feel just "blue" at the last death in your family? Being blue is being a bit depressed and down, not devastated with grief as this poem ppears to be on the surface.
I agree with the analysis on this page that the poem is hyperbolic, overdone, posturing. The steady iambic pentameter, pom ti pom ti pom ti pom, in "cheap" rhyming couplets (heroic), in four nice neat little quatrains are "dead giveaways". This is not an outpouring of genuine emotion. I can make up doggerel like that off the top of my head in couplets (not in iambic pentameter)
There was a young man of Vancouver
Who went down town for a very fine hoover.
But when he got there
His pockets were bare
That foolish young man of Vancouver.
It's really easy; doesn't need much poetic genius here.
A really fine poet like Auden doesn't mess about as a rule so I believe his poem "Funeral Blues" gives plenty of scope for speculation , yet it is very definitely not a serious or deep emotion. For one thing, it is an almost metaphysical leap to yoke images of doves, (what is a public dove? are there private doves?) telephones and clocks, a juicy bone and traffic cops' gloves with the stars, the moon, the sun, the oceans, and the woods. I think that Auden is pointing exactly (satirically) to how ridiculous that leap is.
Who or what is he writing about? Is it about a lover, male or female? This seems unlikely with the nihilistic view of being blasted out of the universe in the final stanza. A really deep love leaves something behind, even if you do not believe in an afterlife. If you gave your eulogy at a funeral, could you really say that this is the end,in a sarcastic tome, and that there is nothing more, no memories , no lasting legacies? Just nothing?
It might be about the death of Auden's beliefs, God, however he was not religious and somehow I think society would have been deeply offended for a poet to so loudly, bitterly, and so publicly about it. After all, it is a poem that shouts and commands in each stanza. But it is possible. Is it about war? - there does not seem to be any indication in the poem whatever that this is so and therefore to suggest it is irrelevant. If it is about war then please forward to this page the proof thereof. Is it about a close relative or friend? Perhaps so, perhapmyr someone who would find his manner amusing. All in all, that remains an enigma, which is as it should be.

| Posted on 2010-05-02 | by a guest


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Funeral blues is a satirical piece which covers the theme of loss, the loss of his lover who was a politician. Auden uses Over exaggeration and creating urgency in the line 'stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone 'to show how ridiculous love can be viewed but it could be seen as a bitter devastation for him. The cliche line 'i thought love would last forever' is very poignant so presents the torture one must go through when grieving to overcome. This is also depicted in the line 'He was my north, my South, my East and West' literally he was his everything and the idea of his loss of direction clearly is emphasized to show the satirical view.

| Posted on 2010-04-05 | by a guest


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It doesn't matter that Auden was homosexual, he wrote poems universally. The point of view could be for either gender.
The phrase "juicy bone" is a contradiction..&Everything else I was going to say has already been said. :b

| Posted on 2010-03-08 | by a guest


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My teacher said is was about " the end of life as he knew it". Also that WH.Auden pushes everything away from him. Trying to cut himself off from the outside world because the pain was too much. Plus apparently the poem is an accurate analysis of Auden's life.

| Posted on 2010-02-23 | by a guest


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Auden was not writing about his lover, but was writing about his father after he died, that it why the poem is considered posthumous.

| Posted on 2010-02-06 | by a guest


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As so often, one can go far too far in imagined analyses.
This is a short, stark, and so very effective picture of grief. Nothing more.

| Posted on 2009-12-12 | by a guest


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who is this poem aboutsome one tell me i must know now.

| Posted on 2009-11-18 | by a guest


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In the poem “Funeral Blues,” W.H. Auden’s choice of diction allows the reader a greater understanding of the intensity and depth of feeling experienced upon the loss of a loved one. Likewise, the symbolism used by the poet pulls us into the actual world of the grief stricken as he searches for ways to mourn this passing.
Auden’s choice of diction here was used to drawn the reader into the emotional disrepair felt by the afflicted. He shortens sentences and uses comparisons to the destruction left behind after the passing. “The stars are not wanted now: put out every one; Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun.” He is using these types of phrases to show us just how significant the death was.
By using such statements as, “Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone,” Auden shows a want of motion and sound stopped. He wants the reader to recognize the symbols of distress and mourning. “Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves. Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves.” He uses the symbolism to express a certain respectful mourning. One can almost see the funeral procession of grieving family members and friends as they bring the coffin out with solemnity.
After reading all of the other responses, I am greatly interested in finding out more about Auden's life. I feel that the explanation about the play and the poem being written for a woman to sing about someone is probably the most accurate. However, it could very well be that Auden was writing about his own love, or even just a dear, dear friend. I know that I have personally been able to write something this heartfelt about a friend. Auden was obviously an emotional man. Also, the satire view seems very reasonable. As well as being emotional, Auden was quirky.
Thank you!

| Posted on 2009-07-27 | by a guest


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Have you ever thought about comparing the poem to a house? The last stanza really shows it.

| Posted on 2009-06-23 | by a guest


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Oh yeah, also the doves refer to the ark and noah's flood, if you can make the link.

| Posted on 2009-06-09 | by a guest


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The way I understood the poem was that it was a poem to express his morning at the death of his lover. "For nothing now will come to any good"- is the line which ultimately makes clear his emotions. From what I understand it is believed that Auden was a homosexual. Therefore it would make sense that this poem was one that spoke of his morning at the death of his lover. Ultimately this poem is a very brave one. During his time homosexuality was somewhat frowned upon. Auden could be seen to be showing his love in this poem- by publishing it he shows his love for his lover is stronger than fear of segregation on society.
Lots of imagery is used in the poem. In particular to highlight the difference between light and darkness. "Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves" could be representative of how the death of his lover blemishes/marks his life.
This is just my opinion.

| Posted on 2009-05-19 | by a guest


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Just as a photograph or a piece of music evokes a reaction in the viewer or listener, a poem evokes feelings in the reader. It is that reaction that is important in art, not the statement. The reaction is the personal message sent by the artist and received by the individual. Analysing the statement devalues the reaction.
Funeral Blues for me is an expression of my abject despair, loneliness, desolation, fear, hopelessness and bitter anger on the passing of my whole life's greatest love and friend. There is nothing more to be said.

| Posted on 2009-04-15 | by a guest


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The poem was written for his lover - Auden was a homosexual, and certainly one very much in love. One of the most interesting aspects of "Funeral Blues" is Auden's observation and view on the passage of time. He wishes time to stand still following the death of the man he loves. He is saddened by the passage of time and its inevitabilities, yet he is not bitter. The fact that the aeroplenes "circle," could be a reference to the circle of life. "dismantle the sun" is Auden's somewhat blunt way of conveying this - removing the sun would eliminate the cycle of day and night, and so allow time to drift into an endless and painless oblivion. Auden gives us the sense that measured time is ultimately meaningless because it is relative: for some, time moves all too rapidly; for those who have lost everything (as Auden has) time stands still.
The intensity of his love is demonstrated often. I believethat the statement "He is Dead" is not referring to God himself, but instead is used to put his lover up on a pedestal, as a God-like figure. The capital D used for Dead merely demonstrates a reverant respect for death and its certainty. The most important thing about this line is that it gives some kind of underlying hope beneath the seemingly overwhelming heartbreak: Auden may have faith in an afterlife, both for himself and his lover.
"my North, my South, my East, my West" is another line showing Audens love. It shows that his lover was everything to him. These markings are most often found on a compass, which gives diredtion. Having lost his 'compass' (lover) Auden's life loses direction also: he is lost without his partner. Finally, "the stars are not wanted now" again emphasises the uselessness and worthlessness of a life without his lover.
This poem is packed full of imagery. Perhaps this is to show us the vitality of life, and so give us better a sense of just how much Auden feels he has lost: he has spiritually died along with his lover.
A particularly interesting aspect of the imagery used is light vs dark. Throughout, any reference to the past is light, and any reference to the present or future is dark. Often, the dark imagery is seen to smother the light. For example, white gloves are replaced with black and white dove's are blemished with a dark bow.
There are many ways in which to view any work, and this is not intended to impose on any existing, individual views, but to hopefully inspire new lines of thought.

| Posted on 2009-03-11 | by a guest


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this is just the analysis of Funeral Blues i done in school: "Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves" this is saying everyone should be mourning even the doves which are a sign of innocents."Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves" traffic police used to wear white gloves and every hand signal would say he is dead. "He was my North, my South, my East and West,My working week and my Sunday rest,My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song;I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong." this is raw emotion. "I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong" this is the most poignant line in the poem and is where the poem crashes.

| Posted on 2009-02-23 | by a guest




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