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Dulce et Decorum Est Analysis



Author: Poetry of Wilfred Owen Type: Poetry Views: 5443

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1 Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,

2 Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,

3 Till on the haunting flares we turned out backs,

4 And towards our distant rest began to trudge.

5 Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots,

6 But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame, all blind;

7 Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots

8 Of gas-shells dropping softly behind.



9 Gas! GAS! Quick, boys!--An ecstasy of fumbling

10 Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time,

11 But someone still was yelling out and stumbling

12 And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime.--

13 Dim through the misty panes and thick green light,

14 As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.



15 In all my dreams before my helpless sight

16 He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.



17 If in some smothering dreams, you too could pace

18 Behind the wagon that we flung him in,

19 And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,

20 His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin,

21 If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood

22 Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs

23 Bitter as the cud

24 Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,--

25 My friend, you would not tell with such high zest

26 To children ardent for some desperate glory,

27 The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est

28 Pro patria mori.





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||| Analysis | Critique | Overview Below |||

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I study literature at school , and although this poem took time to understand , it is a great poem and I strongly believe that this poem has a lot to do with real life , and it is amazing how the writer used phrases for example drunk with fatigue and so on , to enhance the poem . thankx guys and I look forward to writing this for cxc examinations in june

| Posted on 2016-01-18 | by a guest


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has anyone got an essay about drunk with fatigue using peels paragraphs need help xxx

| Posted on 2013-11-10 | by a guest


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A theme of claustrophobia is continued throughout the poem, as the water rises, and the rain comes down, and the \'misty panes\' of the gas helmet trap the narrator as another man is \'drowning\'

| Posted on 2013-02-05 | by a guest


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Wilfred Owen was born on March 18, 1893. He is considered to be one of the leading WWI poets. He served in the British army during WWI. His family lived comfortably in Owen\'s grandfather\'s house until he died in 1897, then the family had to move to the poorer part of Birkenhead. He went to Birkenhead Institute and Shrewsbury Technical School. He began writing poetry when he around ten years old, and continued to write until his death. He was raised in the Anglican church of the evangelical school; he was a devout believer in his youth. He was admitted into the University of London in 1911, but due to his family\'s financial struggles he had to work as the lay assistant to the Vicar of Dunsden as a pupil-teacher at Wyle Cop School for free lodging and some tuition. During his time at Dunsden parish that he became disenchanted with his religion. He was working as a private tutor at the Berlitz School of Languages in Bordeaux, France when WWI broke out. On October 21, 1915, he enlisted in the Artists\' Rifles Offiers\' Training Corps. On June 4, 1916 he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment. Owen began the war optimistically, but after two traumatic events his mindset changed. First, he was blown high into the air by a trench mortar and landed in the remains of a fellow officer. Second, he was trapped in an old German dugout for days. He was diagnosed with shell shock and sent to the Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh. It was here that he met Siegfried Sassoon. Sassoon had a huge impact on Owen\'s life and poetry. Owen\'s poetry became dark as he portrayed the horrors of the front line as realistically as he could. His poetry went against the public perception of the war at that time; it helped to open the eyes of the non-militant people back home. He returned to light regimental duties in March of 1918 at the Northern Command Depot at Ripon. He wrote a number of poems while he was in Ripon, the most notable are \"Futility\" and \"Strange Meeting.\" He returned to the front line on October 1, 1918, and led the Second Manchester. While he was trying to cross a canal, he was shot in the head and died. WWI ended one week later. He was later awarded the Military Cross, which for him validated him as a war poet.

| Posted on 2012-12-17 | by a guest


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I think that Wilfred Owen is amazing but I wanted to know where or if he used assonance in this poem????

| Posted on 2012-10-04 | by a guest


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Set your own life more simple take the home loans and all you require.

| Posted on 2012-05-17 | by a guest


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Very helpful. it\'s good to see that the poems of Wilfred Owen still inspire nearly 100 years after the slaughter. As for the idiot who \'rolled on the floor laughing\' at the death just be thankful that men fought and died so that morons like you would have the freedom to make asinine comments.

| Posted on 2012-05-14 | by a guest


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Not to be a jerk, who I am obviously going to be perceived as, some people have shared essays that they are doing for college or high school. A friend and I are splitting a ten page paper 50/50 on this subject. Were in 6th grade. For those who seem to be out of college, your points are amazing and I share some of the same ones myself.

| Posted on 2012-05-12 | by a guest


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fyi line 23 is
\"Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud\"

| Posted on 2012-03-24 | by a guest


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The whole poem is an oxymoron. We have the fumbling with ectasy when he was fumbling in pain to save his life as a lne but the title is in stark contrast to the content as a whole.
The poem isalso sexist which was acceptable at the time. The poem refers to men being like \"hags\" so they were no longer men, or even old men but old women. Perhaps Owen was a mesogynist, maybe it was because the women reviled those who didn\'t go, were safely away from the oscenity of death and injury.
I don\'t think this is cheating, you might get your teacher\'s opinion and that isn\'t cheating. This way you get a variety of opinions which you are free to agree with or not.

| Posted on 2012-03-10 | by a guest


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THIS HELPED ME SO MUCH, THANKYOU! it has to be said though- wilfred owen was an amazing poet!

| Posted on 2012-02-23 | by a guest


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The poem that I have studied that has an interesting title is \'Dulce et Decorum Est\' by Wilfred Owen. This poem condemns those who glorified the war and tempted young men to join the army with heroic rhetoric. It contrasts the idealistic views that were held about war at the time with the harsh reality of those who fought in the front lines.

The title of this poem is interesting because it is in Latin. The minute I saw the title I wondered what it meant. It prompted me to read the poem in full. I also thought the poem was interesting because the poet spends the entire poem disproving what the title says. The title comes from the phrase, \"Dulce et decorum est/Pro patria mori.\" This phrase translated into English means sweet and honourable it is to die for one\'s country.
Owen fought in the war and saw the horrors of it. His aim was to show that it was far from sweet to die for one\'s country. This is interesting because poets usually use a title to reinforce the theme of the poem. Stanzas two and three present us with the harrowing reality of a soldier dying. We see the panic and the indignity of his death as he is \"choking\" and \"guttering\". There is nothing \"sweet\" or \"honourable\" about his death as they fling his body in a cart.

The entire poem does much to undermine the title of the poem and this is why I find it interesting.


There are may other features of \'Dulce et Decorum Est\' that appeal to me. One of the most effective features of the poem is the poet\'s use of onomatopoeia. This sound effect is used in order to create a sense of war more vividly. We are told that the soldiers \"trudge\" towards the camp. This word suggests how tired the soldiers are.

The sounds of the battlefield are conveyed through the word \"hoots\". However, the onomatopoeic words used to describe the choking man are the most poignant and hard-hitting. The line portrays the panic of the man and the sound of him dying, \"He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.\"

Another feature of the poem that appealed to me was the strong imagery. The poem opens with two effective similes that create a clear picture of the soldiers. The image of the soldiers being tired and overburdened is conveyed well by the simile, \"like old beggars under sacks\". The unhealthy condition of the soldiers is portrayed by the image of them, \"coughing like hags\".

In the second stanza, the picture of the unfortunate man who is choking is clearly conveyed. The man is running about \"like a man in fire and lime\". The green gas is compared to a \"green sea\" and the man is described as dying.
These images and many more made this piece a very thought provoking poem. I thought it was one of the best poems I have ever studied.

| Posted on 2012-02-19 | by a guest


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the peom that i have studied is dulce et decorum est by wilfre owen.I thought this poem was a particularly interesting comment on war because its author both fought and died in the war. Owen was killed tragically in action just a week before the war ended.
The poem condemns those who glorified the war and tempted young men to enlist with heroic rhetoric. It contrasts the idealistic views that were held about war with the harsh reality of those who actually fought in the front lines.
Owen uses much of this poem to create a vivid picture of how awful the war was and to show the fiercely detrimental effect it had on the soldiers. The first stanza conveys a picture of exhausted, overburdened and injured men. The soldiers are “Drunk with fatigue”, many are without boots but are forced to limp on. The sounds of the battlefield are brilliantly conveyed through Owen’s alliteration and onomatopoeia.
Owen describes seeing a man “choking” to death during a poisonous gas raid. The picture of him “drowning” is haunting and very disturbing. He shows the awful indignity of death as the man was “flung” in a wagon as they marched on to their next destination.
The poet shows the lasting effect of the war on the soldiers who witnessed these deaths. They may have survived but the horrific memories lasted in their “smothering dreams”.
In the final lines of the poem, Owen utterly rejects the “old Lie” that it is sweet and honourable to die for one’s country. This poem is a brilliant condemnation of war.

The poem had a profound effect on me. I had read about and studied World War One in history class but had never really thought about its effects on ordinary people. The fact that Owen himself died in the war at the age of twenty-five made the poem all the more real for me.
The poet’s great use of language created really vivid pictures of the soldiers. I could see the poor men “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks”. The repetition of the word “all” showed me that the suffering in the war was universal; that every soldier endured pain. I could not imagine having to go through such horror.
Owen’s poem made me feel like I was one of the bystanders when that poor soldier was choked to death by poisonous gas. I could imagine the man in a “green sea” calling out for help as he is dying and how “helpless” I would have felt. This image will stay with me a long time after this examination or the next.
I felt so sorry for the dead man literally being “flung” in a wagon instead of getting the hero’s burial that he deserved. I also realised from this poem that the scars of war reach far beyond the war itself. It is obvious that Owen could not erase the picture of this dying man from his mind and would revisit this time in his “smothering dreams”.
This poem made me realise just how difficult things were for the soldiers in World War One and made me realise how lucky I am to have never experienced a war.

| Posted on 2012-02-19 | by a guest


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Thank you to all of those who took the time to write such wonderful analysis. T his has really helped me, Thank you very much. :)

| Posted on 2012-01-12 | by a guest


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Thnx, peeps a lot for dis hlped me a lot on the analysis of dulce et decorum est and i got a 6a yayyy

| Posted on 2011-12-15 | by a guest


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I am preparing an exam on Modern English POetry....tis is one of my essays, please don\'t hesitate to add your comments, whether pro or contra.
Dulce et Decorum Est.
In this relatively short poem, the poet clearly expresses his attitude against the war. In this part it will be discussed about the meaning of the poems title, type of work, setting, characters and other important elements that help us decipher this poem, to make it more acceptable for the masses.
As the title suggests, which indeed is a sample taken form Horaces\' Ode, is a clear paradox with its narrow meaning of this poem. The brief translation of the title would be that \"it is sweet and honorable to die for your country\". This paradoxical title is what is taught in schools, while reality is completely something different. The blunt truth is that death in the battlefield is not glorious, it is rather terrifying and agonizing, contrary to what people in general think. The use of mass destruction weapons in this case of Mustard gas, really is a very bad weapon used widely in The Great War. The message that the author is trying to send us is that the war is bad, this comes from a man who experienced the war first hand. This information might be fictional or not but the imagery used makes us feel that he really was present in these moments which are depicted in this poem.
Contrary to other poems of modern authors, this poem is not an abstract complicated poem. It is rather a very simple one it sends its message clearly and with no problem, so the reader does not have to go to the elaborated allusive parts. Also the imagery and simile used here are two main tools that help us understand the level of emotion expressed by the author.

The form used in this poem is simple. It is a three stanza poem 8 plus 8 plus 12 lines. It is a rhymed poem. The author might not have the intellectual background and is clearly seen throughout the poem, but this is not an excuse not to like it. It is a social statement by the very people who took part directly in the war and lost their life in this case Wilfred Owen a young British Officer. This sentiment was not typical one since it is known that U.K was a big Empire till before WWI. He did not confront the masses in U.K because he was in the war, hence we have a soldier with pure christian belief that did not want to commit murder.only half of the essay....what do you think.

| Posted on 2011-12-13 | by a guest


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he not only creates an atmosphere but a disturbing images. Owen truly understands the whole concept of war and how it affects you. An amazing poem to analyse. So many techniques that conjure up a true definition of war
^
Whoever wrote this just to let you know
of course wilfred owen understands the whole concept of war and how it affects you he was in the war he was there he saw the horrors of war he knows what it was like he was injured during the war
^^
Whoever wrote that he like DIED in the war and noting that he really understood what war was about is a very valid point. Just because you go through something doesn\'t mean you are pensive and philosophical about it.

| Posted on 2011-11-23 | by a guest


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smart dudes !! Taa x this has helped loads x use sme of this for my essay ..

| Posted on 2011-11-14 | by a guest




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